pcap_setnonblock — Npcap API


pcap_setnonblock, pcap_getnonblock - set or get the state of non-blocking mode on a capture device


#include <pcap/pcap.h>
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
int pcap_setnonblock(pcap_t *p, int nonblock, char *errbuf);
int pcap_getnonblock(pcap_t *p, char *errbuf);


pcap_setnonblock() puts a capture handle into ``non-blocking'' mode, or takes it out of ``non-blocking'' mode, depending on whether the nonblock argument is non-zero or zero. It has no effect on ``savefiles''. If there is an error, PCAP_ERROR is returned and errbuf is filled in with an appropriate error message; otherwise, 0 is returned.

In ``non-blocking'' mode, an attempt to read from the capture descriptor with pcap_dispatch(3PCAP) and pcap_next_ex(3PCAP) will, if no packets are currently available to be read, return 0 immediately rather than blocking waiting for packets to arrive.

pcap_loop(3PCAP) will loop forever, consuming CPU time when no packets are currently available; pcap_dispatch() should be used instead. pcap_next(3PCAP) will return NULL if there are no packets currently available to read; this is indistinguishable from an error, so pcap_next_ex() should be used instead.

When first activated with pcap_activate(3PCAP) or opened with pcap_open_live(3PCAP), a capture handle is not in ``non-blocking mode''; a call to pcap_setnonblock() is required in order to put it into ``non-blocking'' mode.

Return value

pcap_getnonblock() returns the current ``non-blocking'' state of the capture descriptor; it always returns 0 on ``savefiles''. If called on a capture handle that has been created but not activated, PCAP_ERROR_NOT_ACTIVATED is returned. If there is another error, PCAP_ERROR is returned and errbuf is filled in with an appropriate error message.

errbuf is assumed to be able to hold at least PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE chars.

See also

pcap(3PCAP), pcap_next_ex(3PCAP), pcap_geterr(3PCAP)

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